When you run at your max speed, you will get exhausted when your stamina outs, leading to a slow pace.
Similarly, a processor has the capability of running at its max, but as it’s a chip, it doesn’t get tired, instead, it throttles when it’s hot.
In this article, I will describe to you whether a CPU can function at 100% & is it a blessing or not. Let’s dive in.
Can a CPU Work at 100% Usage?
The processor can run at 100% usage when it needs to or is forced to. The chips manufactured aimed to work 100% utilization without any risk.
However, usually, a CPU doesn’t perform at max under normal load. It works at 100% when some high CPU-intensive applications such as high-intensity games, renders, and stress tests are running. This is also considered high-CPU usage.
When you overclock your processor to squeeze out more performance, you require checking the stability of the OC. One of the aims to test the stability is to see if the chip is capable of running at max usage. So this is an intended high CPU usage, ensuring the CPU is fully functional.
The reason a processor doesn’t perform at maximum usage is for the Windows-implemented default balanced power plan which has some power-saving options enabled. Disabling power throttling, battery saving for laptops, or configuring power plan can make your chip usage 100% all time.
The main purpose of using max CPU power on Windows, is to avoid frequency fluctuation for having smooth frame times in games or completing any CPU-intensive task faster. But this also leads to high power consumption & temperature.
But if you don’t force the chip to work at 100% intentionally, yet it’s showing 100% usage, then read below to know the reasons.
Why is the Computer Running at 100% CPU?
If you are not purposefully forcing the CPU to run at full power, but recognize that the chip is at high usageㅡ it’s an unconventional situation.
But before concluding the assumption of high usage, you have to verify if it is a multitasking or heavy workload scenario without any trouble. Alternatively, the high usage is inducing freezes, crashes, or performance regression.
If it is the latter, it can be an outcome of the undesirable CPU bottleneck. Apart from this, there are various reasons which can also cause 100% CPU usage.
Here are the reasons for high CPU usage in PC:
- Virus & Malware: Virus and malware are one of the main reasons, CPU usage can go rocket high. Hackers can make your PC a virtual crypto-mining machine with malware, resulting in high CPU usage.
- Antivirus Settings: When you install an antivirus to restrain virus attacks, then figure out that the antivirus is using high CPU usage, how does it feel? Irritating, right? Well, if the antivirus setting is set to scan all files, it will try to hog all CPU resources to scan for viruses.
- Background Applications: As the CPU is the brain of the PC, it controls everything. If there are too many BG apps running, it can cause 100% CPU usage.
- Obsolete Drivers: Missing, faulty, or outdated drivers can trigger incompatibility issues, leading to high processor utilization.
- Overheat: If the chip gets too hot, it struggles to complete a given task. This forced the processor to utilize more power, resulting in high usage.
Besides that, if the CPU is much weaker than the graphics card, the GPU will not perform without fixing the CPU bottleneck.
What is the Impact of Running the CPU at 100?
Now you know that a CPU can run at max usage & why it can reach 100%. But what is the impact of this?
The main problem you will encounter for running a CPU at 100% is overheating. Due to high CPU usage, the chip has to consume more power. If it lacks a sufficient cooling system, the temp will rise to a critical value within a short time.
This will cause CPU thermal throttle. As a preventive safety measure, the chip will lower the frequency to reduce heat.
During the throttling, your PC performance will take a hit. Not to mention, in games, you will experience sluggish, stutter & low fps. The nightmare is all for the overheated CPU.
Wondering how to check CPU throttling? Read our separate guide to know about this detailed in step-by-step.
How to Fix High CPU Usage on Windows
If you observe unusual CPU usage, you should start taking preventive measures. Unless you want to experience random freezes, stutters, or performance regression, follow the steps below to fix high CPU usage.
Here are the steps to solve high CPU utilization on Windows:
- Close Background Apps: Search in the task manager for the high-consuming CPU resource programs & end-task those.
- Disable Startup Programs: From the task manager’s startup tab, disable unnecessary apps.
- Scan for Viruses & Outdated Drivers: Manually scan for malware & remove those. Besides that, also up-to-date your drivers.
- Deactivate Automatic Virus Scan: Turn off the auto virus scan for the antivirus software.
- Reset Power Plan: Change your power plan to the default balanced plan, if you use the high or ultimate power plan.
If you were stressing the CPU, don’t forget to close the stressing apps.
Can CPU go over 100%?
On Windows, you will see 100% CPU usage, though, on Linux, you may see 200% or 400% utilization. On a Linux PC, if one of the cores maxed out, then it indicates 100% utilization. Similarly, 400% indicates that you have double headroom left for an 8-core system.
What’s the benefit of max CPU power usage?
When you force the CPU to run at max power, it will operate at the max frequency while consuming high power to deliver the best performance. However, if the cooling system fails to dissipate the heat quickly, it will backfire. Also, it will reduce the lifespan of the chip.
Is high CPU usage bad?
If you fail to control the CPU temperature, the high CPU usage is bad. Because it generates more heat & if you fail to cool down, it will thermal throttle & longer sessions of high heating can cause irreparable damage to the system.
A CPU can run at 100% utilization. But in idle states, high CPU usage indicates a problem with the system.
While with an adequate cooling system, max-powered CPU usage can give a smoother experience, conversely thermal throttle will cause stutter or lag fest.
In this article, I explained why a PC runs at max usage & its impacts, alongside the fixes for undesirable high processor usage. For any further queries, don’t forget to leave a comment.