At What Temperature Does the CPU Shutdown? [Know & Avoid]

Written By Steven Arends

Just like our bodies, the CPUs have a temperature range where they function optimally. Exceeding that temperature can damage your CPU the same as fever does to your body.

However, our bodies naturally shut down when we have a high fever of 104 °F (40 °C) to protect us from further harm. But what temperature makes your PC turn off?at-what-temperature-does-the-cpu-shutdown

Well, to know the answer, jump in.

What Temperature can Shut Down a Computer?

Any CPU will shut down once it gets too hot. However, the exact shut-down temperature will depend on that specific CPU model, the thermal protection mechanisms in it, and the temperature limit of each component. But CPUs turn off automatically at 100-110 °C.

Also, the ambient temperature of your surroundings affects your CPUs shutdown temperature. Because the surrounding heat warms up the PC quickly.

Usually, 80-90 °C is standard for any mid to high-range CPU. However, you must know how hot is too hot for your CPU because different CPUs have different TJ Max And Tcase Max.

What are TJ Max and Tcase Max Temperatures for a CPU?

TJ Max and Tcase Max are crucial facts that trigger your CPU’s thermal protection mechanisms. Tj Max is the maximum temperature the CPU can safely operate at, while Tcase Max is the highest temp the IHS can safely function at.

In this part, I will give you the core facts about your CPUs TJ Maxx and Tcase Max Temperatures. It will help your CPU’s heat and cooling mechanism better.

Tj Max, aka the junction temperature, is the maximum temperature of your processor’s silicon die. It indicates the temperature range in which a CPU can safely operate before taking thermal damage. Usually, the manufacturer specifies it. And most CPU’s TJ Maxx is between 85-100 °C.

On the other hand, Tcase Max is the temperature limit of a CPU’s integrated heat spreader (IHS). The IHS is a metal plate that sits above the CPU’s die and helps to distribute heat away to the CPU cooler.


Now follow this table to differentiate between Tj Max and Tcase Max:

Particles Tj MaxTcase Max
DefinitionThe highest temperature of the silicon die in any processor.The peak temperature of your CPU's integrated heat spreader (IHS).
Temperature Range100-115 °CLower than Tj max
PurposeTo display the CPU's actual highest temperature.To figure out the optimum cooling capacity needed for the CPU.

Typically, Tcase Max is lower than Tj Max. That’s why we use it as a reference to determine the optimum CPU cooling requirement to maintain safe temperatures.

If the heat exceeds that, you will face issues like thermal throttling, low clock speed, sudden shutdown, etc. And you need to connect connect extra fans to your motherboard.

Otherwise, the temperature won’t go down.

Can an Overheating CPU Cause Shutdown?

Yes, overheating can cause a CPU to switch off. Excessive heat in the CPU decreases the overall performance or even completely fry the component inside. Luckily, modern CPUs have a thermal protection mechanism that switches off if the temperature exceeds a specific point.

The high temperature reduces your processor’s lifespan and overall performance. That’s why you need to know the good idle CPU temps and how hot it can usually run.

However, the specific shutdown temperature for your CPU depends on several factors, like the Tj max, TDP, the cooling system, die temperature limits, etc. Because manufacturers set a shut-down point for CPU heat based on those facts to prevent damage to the CPU.

All manufacturers give CPUs a maximum temperature rating, and your BIOS shuts the device down if that temperature exceeds.

Then what will be the optimum temperature to run your CPU? Follow the next selection to know for sure. Here’s our detailed guide on whether CPU overheating can cause random shutdowns.

What Temperature Should Your CPU Be?

The ideal CPU temperature usually depends on factors like the CPU model, your PC’s cooling system, and your surrounding environment. Typically, you may consider 45 to 50 °C safe for an idle CPU and 80-90 °C under full load. But exceeding this range can harm the processor permanently.

Today’s processor uses high-quality architectures like raptor lake or Zen4. These designs help your processor to run at low temperatures.

In this portion, I will show you some well-known CPUs’ optimum and maximum temperatures. It will help you determine if your PC has heating issues or not.

Here are the optimum and maximum temperatures for some popular CPU models:

CPU modelIdle TempNormal Temp Under Full LoadTJ max
Intel i9-12900K28 to 30 °C50 to 96 °C100 °C
Core i7-9700K30 to 40 °C60 to 80 °C100 °C
Intel i5-12600K24 to 40 °C50 to 86 °C100 °C
Core i5-10600K30 to 40 °C62 to 83 °C100 °C
Core i7-12700K29 to 38 °C65 to 78 °C100 °C
Core i5-11600K28 to 37 °C60 to 77 °C100 °C
Ryzen 5 5600x40 to 46 °C65 to 85 °C95 °C
Ryzen 7 5800X40 to 45 °C65 to 86 °C95 °C
Ryzen 7 7700X40 to 44  °C65 to 92 °C95 °C

So we can say the ideal temperature for a CPU will vary based on several factors. however,  the 30-50 °C temperature range is safe for typical usages. But the temperature should not reach 93 °C.


Is 100c too hot for a CPU?

Yes, 100 degrees Celsius is very hot for a CPU. Most CPUs will shut down after reaching that temperature.

How much heat does it take to damage a CPU?

Running your PC over 80 °C continuously will damage your CPU permanently.

How long can a CPU run at 90c?

A CPU runs at 90c for almost 10 years, but your motherboard will fail very soon at that temperature.


In short, Most modern CPUs have a thermal protection system that shuts them down if the temperature exceeds a certain threshold. This technology prevents damage from overheating. The heat range varies from CPU to CPU. But usually, it doesn’t exceed 100 °C.

After reading this article, I’m sure you know the answer to your question. Comment if you need any other information about CPU heat. Peace!

About The Author
Steven Arends is a computer science graduate and tech enthusiast with over 10 years of experience in the field. He has a vast collection of computer hardware and loves exploring the latest advancements. As a contributing author to 10Scopes, Steven shares his expertise to make the world of technology more accessible and easier to understand for all readers.

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